The Hopi and Their Jewelry

Hopi Silver Overlay Jewelry

The jewelry of the Hopi has a style distinct from that of the other Native Americans. The Hopi are known for the use of silver overlay, which utilizes a technique of fusing two layers of silver. The eye-catching and often elaborate design is on the top layer, while the bottom layers serves as a base.

It was not so long ago that the Hopi developed this technique. In fact the Hopi were not much into the making of silver. In their relative isolation on the northeastern Arizona high plains, or mesas, they were somewhat firewalled (so to speak) against external influences. Even their interaction with other Native Americans was limited.

Silversmithing of Native Americans

So while the Navajo learned and developed their silversmithing skills, a technique brought to the south-west of the American continent by the Spaniards, and which was then taken up by the Zuni, the Hopi were still practicing their own artistic heritage based on weaving and pottery. They were also adept at the making of kachina dolls, for which they deservedly remain renowned.

Time, of course, would not stand still, and even reliably isolated communities began to open up. Trading and commerce grew and the Hopi through their interaction with the Zuni exposed them to the craft of silver jewelry, at which the Zuni were now skilled. Lanyade, a Zuni, learned his silversmithing from the Navajo, and began to sell his silver jewelry. He travelled among the Hopi and Sikyatala became his student in 1898.

Sikyatala

Sikyatala is credited to be the first Hopi silversmith. It is reported that while Lanyade was at the Hopi reservation for four months, making and selling his silver jewelry pieces, Sikyatala was studiously observing and learning from the master at close range.

Sikyatala then began to use the technique of making silver jewelry. Other Hopi also began to follow and emulate the work of Sikyatala. In time the Hopi developed their own style, that of using overlay silver.

Hopi Silversmiths Paul Saufie and Fred Kabote

This technique did not so much evolve as was created by the Hopi silversmiths Paul Saufkie and Fred Kabote who were involved in a program at the Museum of Northern Arizona in 1938. After World War II the Hopi Guild was formed to encourage a program of silversmith training .

The designs of the silver overlay jewelry of the Hopi were also unique in that they adapted designs from the old broken pottery pieces of the 15th and 16th centuries. New motifs were also incorporated by the Hopi Guild, including kachina symbols.

The cross-currents in Native American jewelry nowdays mean that there are cross-influences as well. And different styles from the different currents may well find themselves evident in any piece of modern American Native jewelry.

But the fascinating development of Native American silversmiths and their crafts, in their different streams of artistic design, does not entirely obscure the original creativity. The silver overlay technique was the creation of the Hopi, even if it may now be employed by others.

Michael Kabotie

In ending, it may be noted that the work of Fred Kabote was continued by his son Michael Kabote (also spelled 'Kabotie'). Michael Kabotie recently passed away at the age of 67. He was a trail-blazer in the Native American fine arts movement, both as a Hopi artist and jeweler. His paintings were well-received, depicting traditional Hopi life. For a number of years, he also tapped the Hopi overlay technique at the Idyllwild Arts program in Southern California.

Learning Hebrew in Easy Steps

Learning the Hebrew language requires an investment of time and effort just like in the case of any other language. Hebrew is one of the oldest languages ​​in the world. Moreover; across the globe there are countless individuals who communicate in this language. Today the world is home to seven million individuals who speak Hebrew. It is the official language of the state of Israel as most of the Hebrew-speaking population is settled there. Hebrew can be segregated on the basis of modern and Biblical Hebrew due to the significant changes that have occurred in the language.

One of the major reasons why some people want to learn Hebrew is the fact that this language has a strong history which contributions people. Also, the Old Testament portion of the Bible was originally written in an ancient form of this language and there are countless other religious books that are available only in Hebrew.

How quickly students learn Hebrew depends on a lot of factors which also include the deduction of the student. The process of learning the Hebrew language can be augmented by:

1. Watching Hebrew movies

2. Reading Hebrew literature

3. Or even listening to Hebrew music etc.

There are many individuals who read children's story books in Hebrew to grasp the basics of the language and allow them to better understand the grammar and vocabulary. Those individuals who native language is not Hebrew or another Semantic language will find it difficult to learn in the beginning. However; as they understand the basics of the language better, they will realize that Hebrew grammar is logical and simple with fewer words than in other languages. Unlike English, this language is written from right to left and its script is called Rashi.

In almost all the online courses, the basic lessons in the Hebrew language start with their alphabet. There are twenty two letters in the Hebrew alphabet. The next stage covers the vowels which are referred to as the nikkud. Since the letters in the Hebrew language can be converted into vowels using tittles and dashes, it can become confusing for students; but with practice they will grasp a better understanding of the language.

Perfecting the pronunciation of Hebrew is the key to learning the language. This is the reason online lesson plans are supplemented with audio files to help students in pronouncing the letters and the words in the correct manner. These courses focus both on the correct usage of the vocabulary and grammar. Advanced Hebrew online courses make use of video and audio files to aid their students in understanding this language to their best.

Oh to Own a Designer Dress!

How many women can honestly say, without crossing fingers behind backs, that they have not gone weak-kneed at the sight of that oh so alluring designer dress, which sparkles so suggestively in the shop window? It can be safely assumed, judging by the popularity of such dresses, that those who answer 'no' are in the minority.

Seemingly innocent at first glance, the power a beautifully designed garment can hold over a person, is astonishing. Just go to any designer shop and you will hear the agonised mutterings of 'Oh, I really should not … No, I'm not going to buy it … Well, there's no harm in just trying it on .. Oh God, I love it … No, I can not buy it … Ok, just this once … '

The heart usually prevails and the person in question returns home with the contented feeling they have just bought something special; something that not everyone else has. This is the lure of the designer.

Although clothing's fundamental purpose is to protect the body from nature's elements, its role has radically altered over time. Historians believe the first clothes consist of materials like fur, leather and leaves, which were wrapped around a person's body, thus sheltering them from the weather. In today's society however, clothes are viewed more as a statement about an individual, rather than being necessary for their survival.

Advances in technology, such as central heating, helped to bring about this change, but it is understood that Charles Frederick Worth, born in England in 1825, shaped the world of clothing, and in particular, women's dressmaking; thus giving birth to the term 'fashion' in the way we understand it today.

After moving to France to work for Parisian drappers, Gagelin and Opigez, Mr Worth married one of their models, where he began making dresses for her. Soon after, customers began asking for replicas of the dresses, which prompted him to seek financial backing for his own dressmaking business.

In time, he became named for his designs, which were much simpler and said to be more flattering for the lady's figure than others of the time; he has become popular with an array of rich, distinguished women, including royalty and the famous. He also moved away from letting women design garments themselves, and instead chose to display his own designs at fashion shows, which were held four times a year.

So the rise of the designer dress began, and other fashion designers followed suit to create whole collections of designer clothes.

Fashion designers are now commonplace, designing clothing for individual clients, specialty stores and / or high-fashion department stores. What distinguishes their clothing from the norm is the originality of design, coupled with the limited availability of garment numbers.

This, essentially, is what makes designer clothing so bought after and is why those skilfully crafted designer dresses can make one go weak-kneed in praise – not only at the thought of possessing one, but also in the knowledge that they own something unique.

CBD Hemp Oil Health Benefits: What Is CBD Hemp Oil?

“Take Control of Your Health Naturally”

What is CBD Hemp Oil?

CBD, also called Cannabidiol, is just one of 85 different chemical compounds in marijuana plants. CBD Hemp Oil is derived from hemp, or cannabis grown with very little THC (often less than 0.3%). For the sake of this article we will refer to marijuana as cannabis grown for its psychoactive effects, and hemp as cannabis grown for its practical uses as a fiber. Marijuana is marketed for its THC content and hemp is utilized for its CBD content.

THC is the psychoactive or intoxicating compound found in cannabis plants whereas, CBD oil is not psychoactive or intoxicating and has shown strong signs of being an effective treatment for a variety of diseases and mental health disorders.

Where Can I Get CBD Hemp Oil?

Hemp oil is legal in all 50 states but the production of CBD Hemp Oil is not. Even though both come from marijuana, hemp oil is derived from sterile cannabis seeds, which are legal under the Controlled Substances Act. CBD Oil is derived from the plant’s flowers which are not legal in some states. However, this doesn’t stop the import of CBD oil made from industrialized hemp grown legally, which is why you’re able to buy it legally on the internet.

You can find products containing hemp oil in the beauty section of your local retail store, but to get CBD Oil you’ll either need to be in a state where it’s legal to produce or purchase an import.

CBD Hemp Oil Health Benefits

CBD Oil has been shown to have surprisingly positive effects on a variety of diseases. Some of the Cannabidiol health benefits are:

  1. Nausea treatment
  2. Lowered anxiety
  3. Pain relief
  4. Improved mood
  5. Lessening withdrawal symptoms
  6. Seizure reduction
  7. Stimulating appetite

CBD works by activating the body’s serotonin (anti-depressant effect), vanilloid (pain relief), and adenosine (anti-inflammatory effect) receptors. How quickly you start to feel the results from CBD Oil depends on how it was ingested and your weight. Someone small who ingested the oil in spray form will feel the effects much faster than a larger person ingesting CBD in capsule form.

Different Forms of CBD Hemp Oil

CBD Hemp Oil can take on many different forms, including liquids, ointments, and sprays, and capsules. Most oils and sprays are used by putting the substance under your tongue. Ointments are used on and absorbed by the skin, and thirdly capsules are ingested. Those who don’t like the taste of sprays or oils can defer to capsules. Capsules are a very convenient way to consume Cannabidiol, however you don’t absorb as much CBD from a capsule as you do from an oil or spray put under your tongue.

CBD vape oil is the same as regular CBD Hemp Oil – it’s just taken into the body in a different way. You just fill your vape pen with Cannabidiol and presto, you’ve got yourself a vape with health benefits.

CBD Oil sold online are not as potent as those medically prescribed for serious diseases but they can help with mood disorders, lower anxiety, and lessen pain caused by inflammation.

CBD Hemp Oil Side Effects

While not much research has been done yet on the side effects of CBD Oil, whether absorbed, swallowed as a capsule or inhaled through a CBD vape pen, the most commonly side effects reported are digestive issues, such as upset stomach and diarrhea, which are not very common.

Will CBD Hemp oil Show On a Drug Test?

Drug tests are looking for THC, not CBD, and because CBD doesn’t produce any kind of high, employers really have no reason to look for it in the first place. So CBD Oil does not show up on a drug test. However, for this reason, make sure you purchase pure CBD oil with 0% THC.

Unique Benefits of Using Pure CBD Oil

No prescription required: Even though they are more potent than regular CBD Oils, most pure CBD Oils do not require a prescription.

0% THC: If you’re worried about using a cannabis extract because you don’t want to experience marijuana’s psychoactive effects or fail a drug test, opt for pure CBD Oil. Containing no THC at all, it’s the safest choice.

Fewer side effects: Pure CBD Oils are less likely to cause nausea and fatigue.

Purchase Cautions How do you know if you are getting quality CBD Hemp Oil?

  • Your first clue is usually price. If the price seems too cheap to be true, it probably is.
  • Always purchase from a reputable source. A company that is reputable will back their product and will not risk selling misrepresented items.
  • Another thing to look for is the way that the product is marketed. If you see CBD Hemp Oil online that claims to cure every ailment under the sun, it’s also probably too good to be true.
  • The top products are made from organically grown hemp and have a CBD concentration over 20mg.
  • While the medicinal effects of Cannabidiol are great, keep your expectations of online brands realistic.